Most couples seeking permanent birth control options often consider getting a vasectomy. This procedure generally entails blocking off sperm from getting to the semen, thereby preventing pregnancies. 

It is estimated that the vasectomy success rate is 99% being a beneficial form of birth control (1). However, before getting a vasectomy, there are several things you ought to consider. Here are the main points of focus when it comes to getting a vasectomy.

Is Vasectomy The Right Choice?

Choosing to get the procedure done isn’t necessarily an easy decision. It is highly encouraged that you discuss with your partner to lay down all the facts. Taking time to think about it is crucial in determining whether a vasectomy is a right option. Getting a vasectomy is a good idea when (2):

  • You and your partner no longer want any more children
  • If your partner stands a considerable health risk if they get pregnant.
  • Either you or your partner carry a defective gene that you do not desire to pass on to your offspring.

However, getting a vasectomy could not be the best option for you if: 

  • You are only looking for a short-term birth control method.
  • Either you or your partner is uncertain about whether to have children in the future.

Safety and Effectiveness

The vasectomy procedure may be done by placing you under conscious sedation (more commonly known as twilight anesthesia) or local anesthesia. Local anesthesia will involve the administration of pain-relieving medicine into your scrotal region to help keep it numb. In this procedure, you will be fully aware of your surroundings but may not feel anything. 

Conscious sedation works to help relieve the anxiety that may come as a result of getting the procedure. It involves the administration of sedatives coupled with local anesthesia injected into the scrotum. 

Although there are different types of vasectomies, the general idea is the same. The surgeon works to disengage the vas defense. These are the tubes responsible for sperm transportation away from the testicles. As a result, ejaculated sperm will never move outside the testes.

Sexual Function

Having a vasectomy doesn’t lower your sex drive or cause sexual irregularities such as erectile dysfunction. Most of the ejaculate fluid is derived from the seminal vesicles and the prostate. Only a small portion comes from the testicles (3)

After a vasectomy, ejaculation will remain what it used to feel and will have the same appearance as well. The only difference is that the semen doesn’t contain any sperm. If, in any case, you start to experience variations in your sex drive or any other abnormal complications, be sure to contact your doctor.

Immediate Sterilization

Immediately after getting the surgery, it is expected that sperm count present in the ejaculate will start to decrease steadily. Within this period, you may be advised to keep using other birth control measures until a time comes when your semen sample shows that you have no sperm in the ejaculate. The typical waiting time is about two months or after you ejaculate 20 times (4).

Vasectomy Success Rate

Vasectomy procedures are known to be highly effective with minimal health risks if performed as expected. You should make sure that you are aware of all that you stand to gain if you decide to get a vasectomy.


Links to Sources Used:

  1. Contraception – vasectomy
  2. Male Sterilization
  3. Vasectomy
  4. Vasectomy and vasectomy reversal: An update