Male sterilization techniques are advanced, and apart from the regular postsurgical complaints, the side effects of a vasectomy are rare (1).

A vasectomy is a procedure involving the isolation of the vas deferens. The vas deferens are tubes responsible for transferring the sperm into the seminal fluid.

It is considered safe and offers a birth control alternative for couples who have no desire to have children.

Those considering this procedure need to know the most common and frequent vasectomy side effects.

The Vasectomy Procedure

Vasectomies are generally conducted as an outpatient procedure lasting 30 minutes (2). The use of local anesthetic lowers the side effects of the operation. There are fewer complications after surgery and a shorter recovery period.

Men should consider the duration they have to take off work following their vasectomies. Most patients can go back to work within a few days post-surgery.

Men whose work involves manual labor, stretching, and heavy lifting may wish to wait a while before resuming work. If the surgical region is under a lot of strain or the stitches are pulled accidentally, complications can emerge.

Patients should discuss the details of all specific tasks handled in their line of work to determine the best time to resume work (3).

Common Side Effects After a Vasectomy 

Immediately the effects of the anesthesia subside, it is common to experience discomfort and pain in the genital region. These are common side effects after a vasectomy surgery. Physicians recommend cold compresses applied to the swollen part (4).

For the pain, you could take a mild painkiller. You have to relax and avoid straining the area.

It is anticipated to have some discomfort, bruising, and swelling after surgery. A sharp increase in body temperature or fever may indicate an infection from your operation.

It would be best if you alerted your physician in case of fever to get the dosage of the proper antibiotics. The doctor may schedule an appointment to check the surgery region for possible causes of an infection.

Side Effects Causing Pregnancy

Most couples anticipate that vasectomy works as a birth control right away. It could take some time for your body to reabsorb the sperm. There must be a low count of sperm to prevent unintended pregnancies following a vasectomy procedure.

Surprise pregnancies happen when the couple is sexually active post-surgery without any birth control in the first three months. 

Though rare, the failure rate of a vasectomy could result in unexpected pregnancies. The reasons for the procedure’s failure are varied, and the analysis of sperm count is the best way to identify a failed vasectomy. 

Consultations with Your Doctor 

Even though it is useful to obtain health information through reading and discussing with friends, ensure you talk to your physician before changing your diet or attempting any new treatment. If you suffer from a medical condition, check with your doctor before altering your health schedule or taking medical action.

Vasectomy Side Effects

Many men who have undergone a vasectomy resume work and normal activities a couple of days without any severe complications. The procedure is considered generally safe, and a person considering this birth control option must discuss the involved risks with their physician.

Specifically, they must ask if their health background increases their vulnerability to any particular complications.

Links to Sources Used: 

  1. Complications of vasectomy https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1964127/
  2. How is a vasectomy done? https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/vasectomy/conditioninfo/done
  3. Pre & Post Vasectomy Instructions https://med.virginia.edu/urology/for-patients-and-visitors/mens-health/vasectomy-how-it-works/pre-post-vasectomy-instructions/
  4. Post-vasectomy pain syndrome: diagnosis, management and treatment options https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5503923/